Department of Chemistry, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968, 915-747-5359, FAX 915-747-5748
The Cu(II) binding properties of Canadian Sphagnum peat moss, humic acid and humin extracted from the peat moss were investigated. Batch pH profile experiments indicated that the adsorption of Cu(II) is pH dependent. At pH 4.0 and 5.0 about 99% of the Cu(II) was bound by all three biomasses. Time-dependent experiments showed that the binding of Cu(II) is very rapid. The Cu(II) binding capacities at pH 4.0 were 16.1 mg per gram peat moss, 28.2 mg per gram humic acid, and 17.9 mg per gram humin. More than 90% of the Cu(II) bound to the biomasses was recovered by treatment with 0.1 M HCl. We showed that carboxyl groups on these humic substances are responsible for some of the Cu(II) binding by esterifying them in the presence of trimethoxymethane (trimethyl orthoformate), and we observed a decrease in Cu(II) binding. Infrared analysis confirmed the esterification and base hydrolysis of the esterified biomasses corroborated that esterification (and not degradation) had occurred since the metal binding ability was regained.
humic substances, Sphagnum, peat moss, humic acids, humin, copper(II) binding, esterification
This paper is from the Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on Hazardous Waste Research 1995, published in hard copy and on the Web by the Great Plains/Rocky Mountain Hazardous Substance Research Center.
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